Top 10 Automation Testing Migration Nightmares and How to Solve Them

Top 10 Automation Testing Migration Nightmares and How to Solve Them

The software industry is at its peak. Every day new products are launched or some new versions of the older products are put out on the market. The competition is now getting tougher and tougher. Every company needs to put out their product on the market as quickly as possible, without compromising the quality. This is the reason why teams are pushed to automate as much as possible. With processes such as Agile and DevOps, the teams can create development and testing cycles more quickly and release the product faster. This is the main reason why companies are migrating from manual testing to automation testing.

But migration can never be an easy task. Teams face various challenges while migrating from manual to automation. In this article, we are going to focus on those challenges and how we can solve them.

Challenge 1: Understanding the requirements

Moving from manual to automation testing is a big task. Before jumping into this pool we should have a clear understanding of all the requirements of manual testing and QA testing. For instance, if we talk about manual testing, human intervention is allowed while there are tools that are involved in automation. Manual testers lack coding skills while the QA testers have a good understanding of the coding languages. So before starting the migration we should have a clear understanding of all the requirements that we will be needed to carry on the task.

How to solve them

We need all the details of the things that we will need. For this, we should design a good software required specification (SRS) document. This document will help us to understand all the specifications of the projects in detail. The document will let us know what we have, where we lack, and what are areas where we need to focus the most on.

Challenge 2: Lack of coding skills

A manual tester usually does not need any type of coding knowledge to start testing. When the project is shifted from manual to automation, in such cases, the manual tester finds it challenging. To excel in the automation field one must know the basic coding skills else the path could be very difficult for them.

How to solve them

Certain measures can be taken by the companies. Such as:

  • Organizing the training workshop

Companies can arrange training sessions or workshops for employees who are new to the field of automation. They can hire an expert to provide the training or can assign the task to their experienced staff. The ones who are experienced can share their knowledge and teach them.

  • Learning the coding languages

As an automation tester, if you wish to stay and excel in the field, knowledge of coding language is a must. This will not only boost your confidence but will also accelerate your career. There are many online portals, blogs, courses through which you can learn coding. But remember to master this, you need to be consistent and patient. It is not a one-day task, sometime you may fail, sometimes you may pass. Just keep on practising the codes every day. To write the perfect automation test script you need to go beyond the tutorials, lectures, and online courses.

Challenge 3: Framework and tools

As we all know a tool is the foundation of automation testing. The biggest challenge is to select the right tool and framework for the project. There are plenty of tools available in the market but selecting the right tool which can accomplish all your requirements is a difficult process. There are various aspects like licensing and support costs, CI, DevOps support, level of programming skills required, training, documentation, experience required to work on the tool.

How to solve them

We know there is a pool of tools available in the market. We here recommend you to try the LambdaTest’s Selenium test automation platform to run Selenium IDE tests on cloud.

Here are some of the features of this tool that will make your choice clear:

  • You can perform the test using the cloud on more than 3000 desktop and mobile browsers.
  • It can integrate easily with the CI/CD pipelines and you can get detailed insights about your automation test using your favourite DevOps tool.
  • The worry about the coding language is over here. LambdaTest Selenium test automation cloud supports a wide variety of languages (from C#, Java, Ruby to Python, JavaScript, etc) and frameworks.
  • For high performance and reliable execution of the test cases, you can run your test cases parallelly using this tool. This way you can even accelerate the release of your test cycle.
  • They have the fastest (as the company claims) test execution platform known as HyperExecute. This platform can be used to execute the test for the agile test team at a very low cost.

Challenge 4: Unstable User interface

The user interface is the first thing in our project that will catch the eyes of the users. We need to check if the user interface is unstable. If in case, the interface is rapidly changing, the cost and time that will be associated with maintaining it will be very high. It will be time-consuming for both manual and automation testing. Well, not every project goes through this pain. But, if they do then automating the project becomes a huge challenge.

How to solve them

Stick on to the basic user interface in such cases. Automating the user interface that is often changing can prove to be a difficult task to manage. Maintaining and updating the test scripts from time to time when the UI changes is a complex and time-consuming process. So avoiding the process of automating the UI can be a solution to this problem.

Challenge 5: What test scenarios should be automated

This is the biggest question. What should we automate? We cannot automate everything. It will be a challenge for a manual tester to decide what to automate and what not to. Some scenarios cannot be automated. In addition to this, you need to know that 100% automation is not possible. We cannot automate the complete system.

How to solve them

Clear knowledge should be provided to the testers about what should we automate. The purpose of automation is to speed up your release cycles. So, you should automate the test suits that are frequently used. You can also automate your smoke testing and regression testing cases. To save time on cross-browser testing, applications that support multiple browsers can also be automated.

Challenge 6: Handling the existing automated tests

If you think examining what to automate is a challenge then what would you say about the maintenance of existing automated test scripts. Whenever the application or software changes, the tests also need to be updated with the new requirements. Constant checks on the existing test suits when new test suits are added are required to make sure that the new addition has not broken or damaged any of the existing automated test cases.

How to solve them

Companies always focus on making their products better so new test scenarios will definitely be created. It is a safe practice to regularly check and update the test automation scripts. You ought to have a strategy to keep the new test suits in place in such a manner that their existence in the system does not cause any crack or damage to the system.

Challenge 7: Not having proper manual test cases

Manual test scripts are created to test the application manually. If these test scripts can find the bugs or errors in the system, it means they have been designed and written very well. In case, these test scripts do not perform their given task of finding the bugs in the system, then this can impact the effectiveness of automation as well. If the manual test scenarios are not covering all the functional aspects of the test, this may cause loopholes with the automation test as well. A good and well-written manual test should cover all the functional scenarios and validations of the system.

How to solve them

Irrespective of the testing type, it is important to have all the test scripts well written in the SRS. Well documented test cases help the testers to find the bugs in the application easily.

Challenge 8: How to automate

We have studied that not everything can be automated and achieving 100% automation is an unrealistic task. Now, the next challenge is to understand how we can automate the test cases. A manual tester will find it difficult to automate and may get stuck.

How to solve them

Starting with baby steps is the key to this problem. Manual testers are new to the automation field. They are required to start by writing smaller test cases. This will help them in future scenarios where they can re-use those test cases. Another way is to label your test cases, to identify them uniquely. Also, mapping them with each function will help in better coverage of the test suit.

Challenge 9: Meeting the deadline

A customer demands the product to be delivered right on time. This is why all big companies are moving from manual to automation. Once we have created test scripts for manual testing, and try to migrate from manual to automation, it is a tough job. To do so a team of well-experienced automation engineers, technical experts, and automation engineers are required and if we start building the product from the scratch then the deadline could not be met.

How to solve them

The only solution is to get help from experts. The team of developers and QA engineers when working together will provide a feasible solution that will automate the manual test cases and will increase the automation testing time.

Challenge 10: What not to automate

We have seen what can we automate. Another major issue that manual testers will face is what not to automate? There are certain testing majors that yield better results when tested manually. For instance, user experience testing when performed manually gives better results.

How to solve them

Testers should keep in mind that not everything can be covered under automation. There are still tests that are performed manually and provide better results. Exploratory testing, user experience testing, and accessibility testing when performed manually will give accurate and more promising results than automation testing. It is a fact that automation testing has taken over manual testing but it can never completely replace manual testing.

Conclusion

These were some of the challenges that we face while migrating from manual to automation testing. Depending on the perspective of the user, they may face some other challenges as well. While migrating always remember that your team is your strength. Your experts will guide you throughout the process, and with the right skills and right platforms such as LambdaTest Selenium automation cloud, you can easily achieve this target as well. Rember these points next time you perform the migration so that these challenges do not haunt you. Happy testing!

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